System for Transparent Allocation of Resources (STAR)
STAR is an abbreviation for the System for Transparent Allocation of Resources, which is the GEF’s updated resource allocation system for its fifth replenishment period. (GEF-5). Under the STAR, the GEF allocates indicative envelopes of resources to eligible countries during the GEF-5 period based on transparent indicators reflecting country performance and country potential to achieve global environmental benefits. (see also STAR Country Allocations).
STAR was developed within the GEF Secretariat during 2009-2010 on the basis of the Resource Allocation Framework (RAF), which was the former GEF resource allocation system used in the fourth replenishment period of the GEF (GEF-4). In STAR, a new co-innovation is the addition of a Social Economic Development Index that is based on each country’s GDP per capital. This was introduced to address concerns that poorer countries needed more resources to build capacity for GEF project development and implementation and delivery of global environmental benefits.
In the GEF-5, STAR covers three focal areas: biodiversity (BD), climate change (CC), and land degradation (LD). Other focal areas and programs may be covered by STAR in the future GEF replenishment periods.
Over the past two years, the GEF Secretariat has developed and disclosed a number of key Council documents and information papers on STAR along with its development. The following is the list of the latest ones:
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