Results Based Management (RBM)
The overarching aim of the GEF’s RBM is to improve management effectiveness and accountability by defining realistic expected results and targets, monitoring progress toward the achievement of expected results and targets, integrating lessons learned into management decisions, and reporting on performance. The partnership model of the GEF, necessities the use of the combined capacities of the GEF partnership to monitor and report results. The GEF Secretariat therefore relies on the internal monitoring systems of the GEF Agencies and the breadth of the Agencies’ implementation expertise to track and report on progress at the project or program level.
GEF Results Architecture
Figure: GEF Results Architecture
GEF has defined corporate level goals that align with the mandate of the GEF. The focal area strategies and their respective results frameworks align with these goals and in turn individual projects or programs must directly reflect the objectives and implementation priorities of countries, and support the contribution to one or more focal area objectives, the results chain is therefore clearly laid out from project to GEF goal.
Evolution of RBM
In June 2007, the first year of GEF-4, Council approved a RBM framework. See Results Based Management Framework. The RBM framework was built on the strategic programming for GEF-4 focal area strategies and their associated indicators. The document outlined the conceptual and methodological building blocks of how the GEF as an institution intends to measure progress toward results.
RBM was first implemented during GEF-4, incorporating monitoring and reporting at three levels: institutional (organization); programmatic (focal area); and project.
Figure: Results Framework Linking Goal, Impacts, Outcomes and Outputs
In 2010, the revision of the M&E policy also put greater emphasis on RBM, including baselines and ensuring alignment with the results frameworks of the focal areas. The Secretariat developed an RBM work plan that lays out the steps the GEF Secretariat, in collaboration with the Agencies, the GEF Evaluation Office, and STAP, will take to implement RBM and KM during GEF-5 (See RBM and KM Management Workplan for GEF-5).
Taken together, the GEF’s RBM framework, GEF-5 results architecture, and revised M&E policy lay out the blueprint for how the GEF tracks results. The processes that are in place to operationalize these policies ensure the alignment of objectives and indicators with GEF focal strategies and goals. Ensuring the quality of baselines, results indicators and objectives is embedded into the larger GEF partnership where monitoring and evaluation are a shared responsibility.