Integrated Approach to Management of Forests, with Demonstration in High Conservation Value Forests in the Mediterranean Region
Turkey's Mediterranean forests are important for their biodiversity and carbon storage. However, these forests have undergone large-scale deforestation and severe degradation due to past economic activities. Current threats are from anthropogenic wildfires, unsustainable wood collection by villagers, illicit timber harvesting and damage from insect pests.
The objectives of this project include improving biodiversity, reducing carbon emissions, greater investment in renewable energy technologies, and instilling good management practices in forest landscapes developed and adopted by relevant economic sectors.
With this project there is the potential for annual carbon benefits of 44,871 t CO2 eq per year from less fuel-wood removal, reduced impact of pests, and reduced fires. Also, an estimated 11,561 t CO2 eq per year will be sequestered as a result of improved forest management. This is a total direct carbon benefit of 282,160 t CO2 eq over the five years of the project.
This project will develop a system for monitoring, reporting and verifying carbon projects in the forest sector with an aim of developing a strategy for replicating this approach at larger scales (Mediterranean-wide). An innovative aspect of the project is the use of local communities and forest cooperatives to enact the changes encouraged by incentives that will be returned to the stakeholders. Also, there is a strong component for managing and valuing non-timber forest products and incorporating their management into regular forest plans, encouraging ecological benefits and conserving biodiversity. This is a MFA project that is innovative (incentives to communities and cooperatives) and aims to scale -up to a sub-region, and has substantial ecological and global benefits.