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Detail of GEF Project #2344

GEF Project ID2344
Funding SourceGEF Trust Fund
Project NameDesert Margins Programme (DMP) Tranche 2
CountryRegional
RegionRegional
Focal AreaBiodiversity
Operational Program1; 12; 13
Pipeline Entry Date1998-02-11
Approval Date2001-12-07
CEO Endorsement Date2005-03-03
GEF Agency Approval Date2005-06-06
Project Completion Date2006-12-31
Project StatusProject Closure
GEF AgencyUNEP
Executing AgencyInternational Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT)
DescriptionThis is the second phase of the Desert Margins Programme (DMP) project. The overall objective of the DMP is to arrest land degradation in Africa’s desert margins through demonstration and capacity building activities developed through unraveling the complex causative factors of desertification, both climatic (internal) and human-induced (external), and the formulation and piloting of appropriate holistic solutions. The wider objective (Goal) of the DMP GEF project is to conserve and restore biodiversity in the desert margins through sustainable utilization. Its specific objective (Purpose) is to develop and implement strategies for conservation, restoration and sustainable use of dryland biodiversity (to enhance ecosystem function and resilience). The GEF increment to this project will enable the programme to address issues of global environmental importance, in addition to the issues of national economic and environmental importance, and in particular the loss of biological diversity, reduced sequestration of carbon, and increased soil erosion and sedimentation, associated with land degradation in these arid and semi-arid ecotones.
Implementation StatusThe second year of phase II was used by DMP stakeholders to intensify the scaling-up and out of the promising “best bet technologies identified during phase I and year 2 of phase II. These address testing and implementing technologies/strategies for conservation, restoration and sustainable use of degraded agro-ecosystems (output 2) and testing and promotion of sustainable alternative livelihood options (output 4). Others technologies being implemented during the period address capacity building (output 3) and participation of stakeholders (output 7). Technologies that address the problem of land degradation include management of degraded land using improvement of rangeland productivity, rehabilitation of degraded lands through tree planting such as Accacia Senegal and eucalyptus, local level monitoring (LLM), a tool for farmers to collect information on land use indicators. A number of technologies being implemented in many countries in west and central Africa include promotion of Pomme du Sahel, the market gardens and planting of gum Arabic. Use of soil/water/nutrient models for dry land crops, fruit trees, bee keeping and honey production are being promoted in Kenya as alternative livelihood option wile processing of Mopane worms is the main technology that addresses alternative livelihood option I Zimbabwe. The FIRM and LLM approaches are being scaled up in Namibia and Botswana and environmental education is being organized for schools in South Africa. A book is being prepared summarizing these findings.
GEF Project Grant
5,617,044 USD
GEF Grant
5,617,044 USD
Cofinancing Total
12,250,182 USD
Project Cost
17,867,226 USD
GEF Agency Fees
148,550 USD
GEF Project (CEO Endo.)
5,617,044 USD
Cofinancing Total (CEO Endo.)
12,250,182 USD
Project Cost (CEO Endo.)
17,867,226 USD
Project Documents

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