The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) defines biodiversity as “the variability among living organisms from all sources including, inter alia, terrestrial, marine and other aquatic ecosystems and the ecological complexes of which they are part; this includes diversity within species, between species, and of ecosystems.”
In short, biodiversity is life itself.
Biodiversity also underpins ecosystem goods and services that are required for the survival of human societies and for the future of all life on the planet. In addition, biodiversity generates considerable economic value through the provision of goods such as food, water and materials, and services such as climate regulation, pollination, disaster protection and nutrient cycling. Read more+
The CBD, which came into force in 1993, is the global policy framework for action to maintain biodiversity for future generations. The convention includes protocols that target access and benefit sharing of genetic resources (Nagoya) and biosafety (Cartagena).
In 2010, at the tenth Conference of the Parties in Japan, Parties adopted a Strategic Plan 2011-20, as well as 20 Aichi Biodiversity Targets. The primary biodiversity-related Sustainable Development Goals 14 (Life Below Water) and 15 (Life on Land) reaffirmed the global community’s commitment for action on biodiversity.
What We Do
The GEF provides financial resources for developing countries and countries with economies in transition to implement the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). The GEF’s current biodiversity strategy is focused on helping countries implement the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 and achieve the 20 Aichi Biodiversity Targets.
The goal of the GEF-6 biodiversity strategy is to maintain globally significant biodiversity and the ecosystem goods and services that it provides to society. To that end, the GEF-6 Biodiversity Strategy provides support through 10 comprehensive programs that target the main causes of biodiversity loss across the full spectrum of landscapes and seascapes as presented in the table below.
We have invested more than US$3.5 billion to conserve biodiversity, and use it sustainably. This investment has leveraged over US$10 billion in additional funds, supporting 1,300 projects in more than 155 countries. Read more+
GEF funds have improved the management of more than 860 million ha of protected areas and parks around the world, an area larger than the size of Brazil. We have also helped countries sustainably use and manage biodiversity within more than 352 million ha of productive landscapes and seascapes. The GEF has supported the development of National Biosafety Frameworks in 126 countries, and their subsequent implementation under the Cartagena Protocol. GEF support has also been critical in bringing into force the Nagoya Protocol, and a growing part of the portfolio is building country capacity to implement the Protocol.
To conserve biodiversity and use it sustainably
Additional financing from partners
Projects taking place in more than 155 countries