The role of CSOs

Civil society organizations (CSOs) have been actively participating in GEF operations since the institution’s inception. Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) in particular have been involved in a broad range of GEF activities, from general policy discussions, to project design, implementation and monitoring. Civil society organizations are key partners to the GEF, as they support the achievement of the GEF’s objectives through their actions on the ground and ability to leverage partnerships and resources.

A CSO is defined as a non-governmental, not-for-profit organization that represents different major groups as defined by the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) in 1992 (Agenda 21, Chapter 23). This term includes various and diverse types of organizations, including NGOs, farmers, women, the scientific and technological community, youth and children, indigenous peoples and their communities, business and industry, workers and trade unions and local authorities (Council Document GEF/C.39/10/Rev.01).

How we engage

Effective involvement of civil society at all levels of endeavor, from local to national to global, is a key in achieving the GEF's mission and objectives of the programs and projects. CSOs have a pivotal role to play in advocating within their respective national and regional governments on behalf of determined action to protect and enhance the environment. And the grass-roots experience they have gained in actually implementing these programs has proven extremely beneficial in guiding negotiations over future programs.The GEF has approved several policies that enhance participation of civil society in the GEF’s operations. Read more+

A more formal role for CSOs was established with the creation of the GEF NGO Network in 1995 (now renamed as the GEF CSO Network). Since then, the Network has been the main mechanism for involvement with CSOs. 

The portfolio of projects where CSOs have been the executing partners are testament to a significant investment of the GEF in civil society led effort.  According to the Fifth Overall Performance Study (OPS5) conducted by the GEF’s Independent Evaluation Office, the combined full and medium-sized projects and the Small Grants Programme (SGP) portfolios totaled a GEF grant volume of $1.1 billion. The co-financing raised by the CSO-executors ($3 billion) is one of the proofs of CSO added value to the GEF enterprise in pursuit of global environmental benefits.

The GEF CSO Network

The GEF CSO Network is an independent global alliance of Civil Society Organizations working to address global environmental challenges in areas linked to the six GEF focal areas. For more info please visit the GEF CSO Network website.

Enhancing Civil Society Participation in the GEF

Reforms implemented under GEF-5 sought to increase country ownership, an effort that gives civil society organizations an important role to play. CSOs help set priorities for GEF resources in the recipient countries through their participation in the National Portfolio Formulation Exercises. They exchange valuable information at the Expanded Constituency Workshops (ECWs), where one representative of CSOs per country is sponsored by the GEF to participate.

Through the Pilot Project on Broadening the GEF Partnership approved by Council, three NGOs (IUCN, WWF-US, CI) are have been accredited as GEF Project Agencies to fulfill most of the roles of the current GEF Implememting Agencies.

At a policy level, the Secretariat engages actively with civil society organizations, particularly in connection with Council Consultations.  This semiannual consultative meetings and discussions are organized and held between civil society representatives, the GEF CEO, Council members and the GEF Agencies. 

GEF Small Grants Programme

To support the work of communities and CSOs and the GEF has created the GEF Small Grants Programme (GEF SGP), implemented by UNDP, that provides financial and technical support to meet the overall objective of "global environmental benefits secured through community-based inititiaves and actions". The GEF SGP, launched in 1992, the year of the Rio Earth Summit and implemented by UNDP has significantly supported CSOs and local and regional communities by providing financing for innovative projects.  GEF SGP has made a long term commitment to local and community sustainable development that produces global environmental benefits, taking “local action, global impact” as its core mission. 

Get Involved

Civil society stakeholders are encouraged to engage with the GEF. Here are some concrete ways to do so:

1. Provide Input on Project Proposals

As called for by GEF policies and guidelines (see Resources, below), GEF Agencies carry out consultations with stakeholders as a requisite for project approval.  To provide input or feedback on project proposals, or to be involved in project consultations, stakeholders are encouraged to contact the GEF Agency project officer for a particular project and/or the government Operational Focal Point. The GEF Project Identification Forms (PIF) for each project also indicate the Project Contact Person.  These are the found in the GEF project database – see here.

2. Participate in Monitoring and Supporting GEF Project Implementation and Evaluations

CSOs and other stakeholders can participate in GEF project monitoring activities and mechanisms, as well as provide views and input on evaluations. As per the GEF’s Policy on Monitoring and Evaluation (see Resources, below), NGOs and civil society organizations may play an important role in monitoring project or program activities, as well as in providing feedback as beneficiaries or as representatives of community groups.
The GEF Country Support Program (CSP) also provides opportunities for stakeholder engagement and learning about the GEF’s work and activities.  More information on the CSP, including the regional Extended Constituency Workshops (ECWs), can be found here.

3. Provide Input on GEF policies

As set out in the GEF Instrument, GEF policies are reviewed and decided at GEF Council meetings which are normally held twice a year. Policy proposals are published four weeks in advance of GEF Council meetings in the Council Documents.
Stakeholders can contribute by providing inputs, feedback, suggestions or recommendations using any of following ways:
  • Through their regional CSO representative in the GEF CSO Network (see CSO Network website for more details);
  • Through GEF Council Members
  • Directly, sending their inputs on draft GEF policies, which are posted on this page under the On Going Consultation tab.

4. Participate in Council meetings

GEF Council meetings are webcast live and their recordings uploaded on the GEF YouTube channel.  Civil society stakeholders also may be invited to participate as observers at these Council meetings.  In case of questions, please see below for contact information in the Secretariat.

5. Make a complaint or grievances relating to GEF projects and operations, including concerns about possible corruption or fraud

The GEF Conflict Resolution system provides stakeholders with an avenue to submit complaints or concerns about GEF-supported projects and operations.  These may be submitted to the responsible GEF Agencies and/or the GEF Conflict Resolution Commissioner.  For more information visit the GEF Conflict Resolution Commissioner page. In addition to the above, the staff rules of the World Bank on matters of ethics, integrity, fraud and corruption apply to staff of the GEF Secretariat, while the GEF’s Policy on Ethics and Conflict of Interest for Council Members, Alternates, and Advisers applies for these individuals Any concerns on these matters may be raised through the World Bank hotline.


Policy and guiding documents referring to public involvement and civil society participation in the GEF:

Moving forward, the GEF remains committed to further enhancing its engagement with CSOs in order to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of its operations.

For all questions related to GEF relations with CSOs please write to: Ms. Pilar Barrera Rey, Sr. Operations Officer- Civil Society Relations and Capacity Development,