The Small Grants Programme (SGP) is a corporate programme of the Global Environment Facility (GEF) that finances community-led initiatives to address global environmental and sustainable development issues.
Launched in 1992, it is implemented by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) on behalf of the GEF Partnership. It is specifically designed to generate local action by empowering civil society organizations (CSOs) and poor and vulnerable communities, including indigenous peoples and women.
Urban areas are growing at an unprecedented rate, with over half of the world’s population of nearly 4 billion people now residing in cities. By 2050, the number is expected to swell to over 6.5 billion−approximately two-thirds of humanity. Rapid urbanization provides opportunities, yet challenges come in tandem. How cities respond to this fast-paced growth will have a long-lasting impact on the global environment.
Women make up half of the world’s population and are fundamental to the achievement of global environmental benefits and the Sustainable Development Goals. As primary caretakers of households and communities, women have highly specialized and valuable knowledge for the conservation and management of natural resources. At the same time, they are often the most impacted by environmental degradation and climate-related events. At its core, the Small Grants Programme believes that women are important agents of change and should be meaningfully involved in environmental programming.
The GEF Council approved a new GEF Policy on Gender Equality (GEF, 2017c) in November 2017. The Policy marks GEF’s increased ambition to ensure gender equality and promote women’s empowerment across its operations. The new Policy responds to the recommendations of the Independent Evaluation Office’s Evaluation of Gender Mainstreaming in the GEF (GEF, 2017a), which was endorsed by GEF Council in May 2017, which found that “there has only been a limited increase in the percentage of projects rated gender sensitive or gender mainstreamed.”
This report provides an overview of a number of successful initiatives on climate change adaptation that UNDP supported in sub-Saharan Africa from 2000 to 2015. These signposts lay the groundwork needed to tap Africa’s vast resources and human talents to transform the continent and ensure a brighter future for generations to come, while at the same time providing valuable insights into global efforts to mainstream and accelerate climate actions in Africa and across the globe.
The GEF supports adaptation to climate change in developing countries through the Least Developed Countries Fund (LDCF), which supports urgent, medium and long-term adaptation needs in least developed countries (LDCF), and the Special Climate Change Fund (SCCF), accessible by all developing countries. Established in 2001 at COP 7, the two funds also support implementation of the Paris Agreement.
The Capacity-building Initiative for Transparency (CBIT) supports developing countries to build institutional and technical capacity, both pre- and post-2020, to meet enhanced transparency requirements as defined in Article 13 of the Paris Agreement.
We are at a defining moment in time.
The recent IPCC Special Report on Global Warming of 1.5°C confirmed unequivocally that we are already seeing negative impacts of climate change: sea level rise and more extreme droughts and storms. The negative impacts often hit the poor and vulnerable the most—exactly those who have contributed the least to the problem in the first place.
The IPCC Report also illustrates that unfortunately we are not even close to being on track to limit warming to 1.5° C. Neither are we on track to deliver on the landmark 2015 Paris Agreement.
The GEF continually incorporates COP guidance into its programs and operations, as described annually in its report to the COP. As a complementary publication to the GEF’s annual report, this booklet summarizes all guidance to the GEF dating from the first COP to COP 23 and the corresponding GEF responses. This publication provides full documentation of the evolution of GEF activities and policies as informed by guidance from the COP.
This publication illustrates the impact of the Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and Benefit-Sharing (ABS) and national ABS laws/policies on the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Specifically, this legal framework, is being used by the private sector, researchers, indigenous peoples, and local communities from 27 countries to develop innovative products that contribute to the implementation of the SDGs.