Main Issue

Land and forests are intimately connected to how people live, particularly in remote and rural areas. The Congo Basin forest, for example, is home to 24 million people. Most of them rely on forests for their livelihoods. 

Agriculture, forestry and other land uses — known as AFOLU — is a significant source of greenhouse gas emissions, but it can also be part of the solution. Converting forests into agricultural land emits huge amounts of greenhouse gases. Using sustainable forest and land management practices can instead help those ecosystems retain and store a significant amount of carbon. Read more+

What We Do

The GEF supports a broad range of activities in the AFOLU sector. These include increasing afforestation and reforestation; defining conservation areas to secure carbon sinks; securing and establishing positive incentives for sustainable management of forests; and building systems to monitor, verify and report on carbon stocks. Some projects are focused regionally or globally and involve more than one country. Many complement our work on biodiversity, climate change adaptation, and/or land degradation. Read more+


AFOLU projects supported by the GEF have resulted in at least 250 million tonnes of CO2eq emissions avoided. Apart from mitigation, projects may also support climate change adaptation. Adoption of sustainable land practices, for example, could help a community strengthen food, water and fuelwood security. Read more+