As part of the Paris Agreement, Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) agreed to establish a Capacity-building Initiative for Transparency (CBIT). The goal of the CBIT is to strengthen the institutional and technical capacities of developing countries to meet the enhanced transparency requirements of the Paris Agreement. These enhanced transparency requirements are defined in Article 13 of the Paris Agreement.
As part of the Paris Agreement, all countries agreed to an enhanced transparency framework for action and support, with built-in flexibility for those developing country Parties that need it in light of their capacities.
The information reported under this enhanced transparency framework for action and support will inform the global stocktake to assess collective progress towards achieving the purpose of the Agreement. The specific common modalities, procedures and guidelines for the framework will be developed by 2018, but they will build upon the existing transparency arrangements and experience of the UNFCCC, including good practice methodologies for inventories accepted by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). Read more+
Transparency of action refers to a clear understanding of the progress in implementing nationally determined contributions (NDCs). Under this framework, each Party has to regularly provide information to track progress of the implementation of its NDC, national GHG inventory reports, as well as information related to climate change impacts and adaptation, as appropriate.
Transparency of support refers to clarity on support provided and received for mitigation, adaptation, finance, technology development and transfer, and capacity-building. Under this framework, developed countries should provide information on the support they have provided; meanwhile, developing countries should provide information on support needed and received.
In terms of flexibility, this enhanced transparency framework will recognize the special circumstances of LDCs and SIDS, who may submit this information at their discretion.
Role of the GEF
The Paris Agreement requested the GEF to support the establishment of the CBIT through voluntary contributions during GEF-6 and future replenishment cycles. Following COP 21, the GEF established the CBIT with high levels of donor support and engagement of stakeholders and countries within a year.
Transparency and accountability are a key pillar of the Paris Agreement, and the CBIT will help developing countries, pre- and post-2020, strengthen their ability to meet this essential element of the agreement. This builds upon the GEF’s provision of support to non-Annex I Parties to fulfill their obligations under the UNFCCC, including National Communications and Biennial Update Reports. Read more+
The CBIT is one of the ways in which the GEF is supporting the successful implementation of the Paris Agreement. As an operating entity of the financial mechanism, the GEF will continue providing resources to developing countries in line with their NDCs under the Paris Agreement through the GEF Trust Fund, as well as the Least Developed Countries Fund (LDCF) and the Special Climate Change Fund (SCCF). More
- All developing country Parties have access to the CBIT upon request
- Eligible activities are delineated in the CBIT Programming Directions document
- Activities should aim to:
- strengthen national institutions for transparency-related activities in line with national priorities;
- provide relevant tools, training and assistance for meeting the provisions stipulated in Article 13 of the Paris Agreement; and
- assist in the improvement of transparency over time.
- Additional elements are eligible for support at the regional and global level
Countries will need to submit their proposal using the relevant templates.
Global Coordination Platform
A global, cross-cutting CBIT coordination platform is being established to support CBIT management, with the engagement of the GEF Secretariat. The platform will enable coordination, maximize learning opportunities, and enable knowledge sharing to facilitate transparency enhancements. It will engage countries, agencies, and other relevant institutions to enhance partnership of national, multilateral, and bilaterally-supported capacity-building initiatives.
The Global Coordination Platform is now live! It is updated regularly with new transparency resources, country perspectives, and information about CBIT projects and relevant events with input from countries, agencies, and key partners. Read more+
The first tranche of the global resources is being implemented jointly by UNDP and UNEP and has the following outputs:
- CBIT Platform for coordination, learning opportunities and knowledge-sharing
- CBIT needs and gaps assessment
- Emerging practices and methodologies for transparency
- Coordination and exchange events
In addition, FAO is implementing a global project focused on capacity-building towards enhanced transparency in the AFOLU Sector (CBIT-AFOLU), that will:
- Develop a set of global tools, templates and guidelines for knowledge management structures to assess and report AFOLU-related emissions and adaptation priority actions.
- Provide training and assistance on setting up domestic MRV and M&E systems for the AFOLU sector in line with the 2006 IPCC Guidelines and supplements
- Global knowledge-sharing and coordination
Other Key Partners