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Technology Transfer Steps

I. Technology Needs Assessment

The Technology Needs Assessment (TNA) is the first step in understanding the needs for technology transfer in the country.  It provides an opportunity to identify the need for new technology, equipments, knowledge and skills for mitigating greenhouse gas (GHGs) emissions and reducing vulnerability to climate change. Countries that wish to develop a TNA have been invited to do so under their GEF national resource allocation. 

Based on the TNA, a national Technology Action Plan (TAP) may be developed. The plan recommends an enabling framework for the diffusion of the prioritized technologies and identifies the actions necessary to reduce or remove policy, finance, and technology related barriers.  The goal of this GEF-supported global program is to enable all parties to better understand their technology needs, prepare TAPs and facilitate their implementation in a collective and coordinated manner. Read more+

II. Technology Transfer Pilot Projects

Once the Technology Needs Assessment (TNA) is completed, the implementation follows. The GEF created a funding window for technology transfer pilot projects to support the deployment, diffusion, and transfer of technologies.  

Under the Poznan Strategic Program, the GEF has supported 11 pilot projects on technology transfer. They cover 13 countries and are supported by seven GEF Agencies (UNEP, UNDP, UNIDO, IFAD, IDB, World Bank, and AfDB). Total GEF funding to support these pilot projects amounts to $52 million. Cofinancing for these projects is over $229 million. 

Through pilot projects, countries can acquire environmentally sound technologies needed to move toward a low-carbon development. In addition to the benefits to be gained within each country, pilot projects enable the GEF to explore ways to strengthen the linkages among project development, technology needs, and priority identification exercises. Practical experiences will allow all partners to better deliver comprehensive strategy and focused technology programming in the future. Read more+

III. Dissemination of Experience

The GEF launched an initiative to support the dissemination of its experiences and successfully demonstrated environmentally sound technologies (ESTs) to achieve two main objectives:

  • To provide a better, more in-depth understanding of the technology transfer process and the role of the GEF by developing case studies for specific technologies;
  • To disseminate successfully demonstrated GEF-supported technologies to more countries and wider audiences.

The experience and lessons learned are being drawn for dissemination so as to benefit the design of the new projects in the future. The GEF holds meetings and side events, and publishes documents and publications to share the potential for wider technology application in developing countries. Read more+

IV. Long-Term Implementation

The GEF’s role in the program is to support developing countries and economies through the means of technology transfer, as they move towards a low-carbon development path. 

The GEF Secretariat has established and implemented the following five elements to further scale up investment in Environmental Science and Technology in developing countries, and to enhance technology transfer activities under the UNFCCC Convention:

1. Support for Climate Technology Centers and the Climate Technology Network+

2. Piloting Priority Technology Projects to Foster Innovation and Investments+

3. Public-Private Partnership (PPP) for Technology Transfer+

4. Technology Needs Assessments (TNAs)+

5. GEF as a Catalytic Supporting Institution for Technology Transfer+