Strategic Priority for Adaptation (SPA)
What is SPA?
In response to UNFCCC guidance, in 2004 the GEF established the Strategic Priority on Adaptation (SPA).
The SPA was a groundbreaking initiative designed to support pilot and demonstration adaptation projects that provide real benefits and can be integrated into national policies and sustainable development planning.
Trough SPA, GEF provided $50 million to fund 26 projects (17 FSP and 9 MSP) and helped leveraging $649 million in co-financing.
The SPA portfolio is now complete and the fund has been closed.
Facts and figures
The graph below shows the regional distribution of SPA projects. Even though the majority of the projects were implemented in Asia (10 out of 27), most of the grant resources were invested in Latin America ($13.7 million).
Key results of the SPA portfolio include:
- 91% of the projects increased adaptive capacity and 55% of the projects reduced vulnerability on different levels. These achievements entail direct progress towards the priority objectives of the Climate Change Adaptation (CC-A) Focal Area.
- 55% of the projects involved technology transfer. These included the transfer of desalination technologies, coastal mapping, drip irrigation systems, coastal erosion monitoring stations, and fire prevention technologies.
An evaluation of the SPA was completed in 2010, by the Evaluation Office.