Strategic Priority for Adaptation (SPA)
Pioneering on-the-ground interventions for adaptation
What is SPA?
In response to UNFCCC guidance, the GEF established the Strategic Priority on Adaptation (SPA), in 2004 as a $50 million allocation inside of the GEF Trust Fund. The SPA was a groundbreaking initiative designed to support pilot and demonstration adaptation projects that provide real benefits and can be integrated into national policies and sustainable development planning. SPA funding was accessible to all countries eligible for GEF funding.
The SPA portfolio is now complete. It consists of 26 projects (17 FSP and 9 MSP). The SPA had a significant catalytic effect, helping leverage $649 million in co-financing.
Facts and figures
The graph below shows the regional distribution of SPA projects. Even though the majority of the projects were implemented in Asia (10 out of 27), most of the grant resources were invested in Latin America ($13.7 million).
Key results of the SPA portfolio include:
- 91% of the projects increased adaptive capacity and 55% of the projects reduced vulnerability on different levels. These achievements entail direct progress towards the priority objectives of the Climate Change Adaptation (CC-A) Focal Area.
- 55% of the projects involved technology transfer. These included the transfer of desalination technologies, coastal mapping, drip irrigation systems, coastal erosion monitoring stations, and fire prevention technologies.
An evaluation of the SPA was completed in 2010, by the Evaluation Office.