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Policies & Guidelines

The Evaluation Office develops the policy, related guidelines, and administrative procedures for monitoring and evaluation (M&E) in the GEF. The policy and guidelines help project managers, GEF Agencies and GEF Secretariat staff plan and conduct monitoring and evaluation.



The GEF Monitoring and Evaluation Policy

The GEF Monitoring and Evaluation Policy provides norms and standards for the GEF Secretariat and the GEF Evaluation Office. The policy contains minimum requirements for M&E for GEF-funded activities covering project design, application of M&E at the project level, and project evaluation.

Ethical Guidelines

The GEF Evaluation Office Ethical Guidelines provide guidance to its staff and consultants on ethical behavior to ensure that evaluations are free of bias, transparent, and considerate of stakeholder rights and interests.
The ethical guidelines contain specific provisions to prevent conflict of interest on three levels: institutional, staff, and consultants hired to contribute to evaluations. The guidelines will be periodically revised in the light of experience and comments received from external review. 

Guidelines for Terminal Evaluations

 When a project is closing, the Implementing or Executing Agency conducts a terminal evaluation. The main purpose of such evaluations is to review the implementation process and achievement of results and draw lessons.

The Guidelines for Terminal Evaluations provide guidance on how to conduct such final project evaluations, based on the GEF M&E policy.

The Evaluation Office reviews the Terminal Evaluation reports to validate the evaluation findings and, and to assess lessons learned and application of the minimum requirements on monitoring and evaluation.

Terminal evaluation reports are available in the project database.  


Measuring Results the SMART way

GEF projects and programs monitor using relevant performance indicators. The monitoring system should be “SMART”:
  1. Specific: The system captures the essence of the desired result by clearly and directly relating to achieving an objective, and only that objective.
  2. Measurable: The monitoring system and its indicators are unambiguously specified so that all parties agree on what the system covers and there are practical ways to measure the indicators and results.
  3. Achievable and Attributable: The system identifies what changes are anticipated as a result of the intervention and whether the result(s) are realistic. Attribution requires that changes in the targeted developmental issue can be linked to the intervention.
  4. Relevant and Realistic: The system establishes levels of performance that are likely to be achieved in a practical manner, and that reflect the expectations of stakeholders.
  5. Time-bound, Timely, Trackable, and Targeted: The system allows progress to be tracked in a cost-effective manner at desired frequency for a set period, with clear identification of the particular stakeholder group to be impacted by the project or program.


The GEF Evaluation Office, GEF Secretariat, and Implementing and Executing Agencies have developed toolkits on indicators for flexible use by project designers and managers: