|Description||Fourteen percent of Cuba is affected by desertification, and land degradation processes leading to this phenomenon affect 76.8\% of its productive land. This severe land degradation is affecting the livelihoods and the quality of life of a large number of Cubans and as well as causing deterioration in the structure and functional integrity of ecosystems throughout the landscape of this small island state.
In view of this, the GoC is seeking to develop a GEF Country Programme Partnership (GEF-CPP) to strengthen the implementation of the ten year NPCDD ensuring this fully achieves itâ€™s long term goals. The result would be that by 2015, the global environmental benefits of reduced land degradation and promotion of ecosystem integrity would have been captured alongside the fulfilment of the NCDDP targets for sustainable development and increased food security - contributing to Cubaâ€™s attainment of Millennium Development Goals for poverty reduction, environmental
It will have two main objectives. The first would be to provide support for mainstreaming SLM principles into national, regional and local planning frameworks and building capacities. The second will be to implement site-specific interventions to demonstrate practices for the prevention of degradation and the conservation and rehabilitation of ecosystem integrity.
The different projects in this GEF-CPP would be identified in detail in further preparation work, however each would have both capacity building and site-specific elements. The relative importance of these elements would vary between projects in the Programme, with the first ones placing more emphasis on capacity building and subsequent ones on site-specific interventions, once capacities have been raised. Collectively the interventions would include sites that cover the countryâ€™s priority watersheds, address the main types of land degradation in Cuba, and the challenges and barriers that need to be overcome to adopt SLM. The following intervention areas have been identified in Cubaâ€™s three main regions: West: the southern plains of Pinar del RÃo and the plains of Habana Matanzas; Central: the north of Villa Clara and Sancti Santis: East: the MaisÃ Guantanamo coastal strip and Cauto watershed.|