Combating Land Degradation in Production Landscapes: Learning from GEF Projects Applying Integrated Approaches
The publication is the result of a new effort on portfolio review in the GEF Secretariat. This effort is intended to promote learning and knowledge synthesis from GEF projects under implementation. This particular portfolio review was focused on projects designed to combat land degradation through application of integrated approaches. It was financed under the two operational programs that preceded the current Land Degradation focal area: Integrated Ecosystem Management (OP 12) and Sustainable Land Management (OP 15).
Knowledge Series: India - Sustainable Land and Ecosystem Management Country Partnership Program (SLEM-CPP)
GEF learning mission to India to observe and understand how the Integrated Ecosystem Management approach used in combating natural resources degradation.
This publication is the third of a series "Knowledge from the field" which aims at sharing the lessons captured by the GEF staff while performing a portfolio monitoring and learning review activity.
Executive Summary - Two decades of experience: Investing in Ecosystem Services and Adaptation for Food Security
The assessment has demonstrated that GEF financing to generate multiple global environment and adaptation benefits plays a vital role in supporting the agriculture and food security sector globally. The approach to GEF financing emphasizes targeted investments in projects that address objectives of the focal areas, including support to countries for implementation of the Conventions for which the GEF serves as financial mechanism.
China is listed as one of the countries that are most seriously affected by land degradation. The country is under great pressure of climate change, rising population and economic development.
In response, the GEF and ADB have helped the Chinese government to fund an integrated ecological management (IEM) system to combat land degradation in 6 provinces of West China.
Namibia will host the 11th Conference of Parties to the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD COP11) from the 16-27th September 2013 at the Windhoek Country Club and Resort in the capital.
In Bhutan, 69 percent of population depends on mixed farming activities often on very steep slopes to make livelihood. In the Bhutan Himalayas, small-scale farmers are highly vulnerable to the accelerated degradation of the soil caused by always more frequent weather extremes.
Major cities in China like Beijing are often covered by dense fog of wheat-colored dust, which coat cars and bicycles and prevents visibility. What causes this are sandstorms that originate in the western region and stretch across 6.8 million square kilometers in five western provinces and smaller regions. Sometime the sand makes it all the way to the North-Western coast of the United States.
DID YOU KNOW that land use for agriculture and livestock production preoccupies more than half of the world’s population?
Therefore, sustainable use of land is a major factor in achieving global food security. A project in Shinyanga, Tanzania – HASHI- set out to use fodder reserves on farmstead to feed livestock and to produce fuel. Local communities have been trained on which species to plant in their woodlots, and how to improve soil fertility.
By now, up to 500,000 hectares of degraded lands have been restored. Crop and livestock production is now more stable. This goes along with an improvement in the native biodiversity and carbon sequestration.
The Central Highland Zone of Eritrea is where 65% of the population lives. Natural resources play an extremely important role in the livelihoods of the people there. However, land degradation in this region is severe due to inappropriate agricultural practices, limited application of knowledge and technologies by farmers to enhance productivity and insecure land-tenure systems among other factors.