Aloft in the Arctic: Preserving Siberian Avian Biodiversity
Naryan-Mar (is a sea and river port town and the administrative centre of the Nenets Autonomous District in Russia’s far north, on the coast of the Barents and Kara Seas. It is a region of stark beauty, featuring a distinct taxon of polar bears and bountiful wildlife.
Russia straddles eight biomes: polar deserts, arctic and sub-arctic forest tundra, taiga, broad-leaved forests, steppe, semi-arid and arid zones.
A repository of globally significant biodiversity, hosting 14 of the world’s Global 200 Ecoregions, state systems for wildlife protection have been in existence for over a century, but protected areas are being declared more slowly in the modern era, and a significant share of Russia’s biological wealth will continue to exist outside these protected areas.
Most importantly, Russia’s regions of globally significant biodiversity are increasingly becoming the focus of energy development.
Therefore the long-term solution is for Russia to adapt its legislation and policies to include legal requirements for those working in the energy sector to do justice to biodiversity conservation.
To this end, an innovative project in Siberia worked to strengthen the regulatory environment of the energy sector to enable better integration of biodiversity conservation issues in their operations.
Energy development, and its attendant environmental destruction, represent a major threat to sensitive species. In 2011, following public outcry surrounding the environmental impacts of BP’s oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico at Deepwater Horizon, the IOGP (International Association of Oil & Gas Producers) and IPIECA (the global oil and gas industry association for environmental and social issues), joined forces to raise standards for oil spill preparedness and response.
Their aim was the development of internationally-agreed good practice principles that would help the oil and gas industry meet its responsibilities to safeguard the environment, including mitigation and remediation measures following spills.
Since 2012, the Global Environment Facility-financed, UNDP-supported project, ‘Mainstreaming biodiversity conservation into Russia’s energy sector policies and operations’ has been implemented by the Russian Federation’s Ministry of Natural Resources and proactively involved in preparing recommendations for oil and gas companies to meet their duties to preserve a habitable planet.
In 2015, major Russian oil and gas companies adopted corporate programmes for Arctic biodiversity conservation. In parallel, the same year the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment of the Russian Federation enacted a set of measures for biodiversity conservation, including oiled wildlife loss prevention in the Arctic zone. These efforts were complemented by the project and WWF Russia jointly issuing environmental responsibility ratings of Russian oil & gas companies, which in turn led to a doubling in the number of companies with formal/published biodiversity conservation strategies.
For Russia, this is an important baseline case showing successful co-operation between businesses, authorities, and environmental organisations. Globally, this is an example of oil industry best practices, and was highlighted by the IUCN.
“Open dialogue and transparent stakeholder engagement is the recognised global practice to demonstrate responsible management and agreed approaches in implementing environmental solutions.”
-Project Manager Svetlana Sheynfeld
In 2016, the project trained oil terminal staff on oiled wildlife care and rescue preparedness.
The initiative was included as part of celebrations of The Russian Year of Ecology 2017. A key to success were the acknowledged experts in oiled wildlife impact prevention and mitigation, who helped to conduct the initiative. Project experts evaluated responses plans for oils spills and developed a dedicated training program. To put theory into practice, the project joined with WWF Russia and the European NGO Sea Alarm Foundation, to develop a Good Practice Guide on Oiled Wildlife Preparedness, and developed a dedicated training programme on oiled wildlife response for EU countries.
“The training event in Naryan-Mar for us was unique in the sense that the participants of the oil company included directors and managers. We have not seen anywhere else in the world that an oil company invests a whole week to try and understand wildlife emergency response at the highest managerial levels, including the field operations. This will really elevate corporate awareness that the protection of biodiversity needs structural and fully integrated investments into a company’s emergency response system.”
-Sea Alarm Foundation General Manager Hugo Nijkamp
Best practice on oiled wildlife rescue can be disseminated throughout the Arctic to further create integrated regional centres for wildlife preparedness and response. This demonstration project shows how corporate social responsibility can bolster biodiversity, and highlights a pathway for future co-operation in other Russian regions and industries.
For more information, visit the project profile here.
This story was originally published by UNDP.
FOOTNOTES: Svetlana Sheynfeld, Irina Bredneva, Nataly Olofinskaya and Andrea Egan / Photos: UNDP Russia