China - Mainstreaming Adaptation to Climate Change into Water Resources Management and Rural Development

September 5, 2007

Implementing Agency: IBRD - The World Bank
SCCF Grant: $5,000,000
The Huang-Huai-Hai (3H) Basin is home to more than 400 million people and is China’s prime agricultural area. With a high water demand, the region is sensitive to the decreases in stream flows and ground water recharges that are projected as an impact of climate change. At the same time, rising temperatures could increase water demand in the agricultural sector even further, causing major shortages in water and, ultimately, grain which affects the livelihoods of millions of people. China has accessed the SCCF’s resource to implement adaptation measures that will enhance the resilience of agricultural and water development to climate change in the 3H Basin. This will be achieved through the identification and pilot demonstrations of a range of adaptation options in the agricultural sector: exploration of alternative water sources; improved efficiency of irrigation; and promotion of alternative (less water-consuming) crops. The project also supports mainstreaming adaptation into national agricultural planning.