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Colombia's Caribbean Insular Areas and Human Health (INAP)


GEF Agency: World Bank
GEF: US$6.17 million
Cofinancing: US$9.5 million

Background:
Colombia is highly vulnerable to the affects of climate change over a wide range of sectors and geographical regions. Melting Andean glaciers will limit water availability for fragile mountain ecosystems, agricultural and domestic purposes, and hydroelectricity. Sea-level rise will cause

inundation of coastal regions and salt water intrusion, which in turn will lead to the relocation of coastal communities and destruction of coastal ecosystems.

Project Overview:
This project aims to address all of the mentioned vulnerabilities through an integrated approach of capacity building and local pilot adaptation interventions focusing on high mountain ecosystems, insular areas, and  health concerns related to the expansion of areas for vectors linked to malaria and dengue. The project also links mitigation and adaptation, as Colombia is strongly reliant on hydropower, and timely adaptive measures in water management could prevent or limit the need for replacement power supply from fossil fuels.

The project includes the following activities:

  • Making climate, climate variability, and climate change information available for adoption of adaptation measures and policies
  • Design and implementation of an adaptation program that supports maintenance of environmental services, including hydropower potential, in the Las Hermosa’s Massif in the central range of the Andes
  • Adaptation measures in Caribbean Insular areas: monitoring of oceanographic variables and marine ecosystems and developing early-warning systems and appropriate adaptation measures; integrated water resources management; supporting the implementation of particular marine protected areas systems; and integrating coastal management to reduce the vulnerability of economic activities, infrastructure, population living close to the coast, and beaches
  • Responses to the increased exposure to tropical vector-borne diseases like malaria and dengue induced by climate change.