Gustavo Alberto Fonseca

Dr. Gustavo Fonseca is the Head of Natural Resources at the Global Environment Facility. Responsibilities as Natural Resources Head include overseeing a portfolio of investments in biodiversity, forests and REDD+, transboundary marine and freshwater conservation, and sustainable land management. A tenured professor of Zoology and Ecology at the Federal University of Minas Gerais, Brazil, he was the founder and first Executive Director of Center for Applied Biodiversity before becoming the Chief Conservation and Science Officer of Conservation International. He holds a Master's degree in Latin American Studies and a Ph.D. in Forest Management and Conservation from the University of Florida. Dr. Fonseca published close to 150 publications articles and books, including 14 times in Science, four times in Nature, and twice in PNAS. He received the Oliver Austin Award of the University of Florida’s State Museum for outstanding research in the natural sciences, the Environmental Protection Award of Government of the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil, the Distinguished Service Recognition award from the Brazil Biodiversity Fund (Funbio), and the Golden Ark Award, an official order of the Dutch government, the highest conservation award of Netherlands.

Since ancient times gold has been the most valued metal and, in the recent financial turmoil, its value has soared as it has become the safest investment.

But getting a hold of gold is not easy, and about 20 million of small artisanal miners around the world risk their lives every day, not just because they work in dangerous conditions, but also because they are constantly exposed to toxic chemicals.


United Nations and scientists bring together USD $60 million for new international management system to fight nitrogen pollution. Indispensable to life on earth, reactive nitrogen is a dangerous pollutant of air, water and soil, when released in large quantities.

UNEP and GEF Joint Press Release