Addressing Land-based Activities in the Western Indian Ocean (WIO-LaB)

Project Summary

This project has a primary focus on the degradation of the marine and coastal environment due to land-based activities. Three objectives have been identified: Reduce stress to the ecosystem by improving water and sediment quality; Strengthen regional legal basis for preventing land-based sources of pollution; and Develop regional capacity and strengthen institutions for sustainable, less polluting development. These three objectives will provide a strong basis for sustainable environmental management in the Western Indian Ocean region in the future. A preliminary Transboundary Diagnostic Analysis and a preliminary Strategic Action Programme serve as the basis for preparation of this project proposal. The full GEF project will refine the TDA and SAP, following clarification of some aspects of the environmental status of the region. The project focus on the Global Program for Action will result in National Plans of Action for abating land-based sources, as well as a regional protocol for the existing Environmental Convention (Nairobi Convention) with Annexes. The project focus on broad stakeholder participation will help assure the sustainability of the GPA Plans of Action. The private sector will be also a focus for cooperation, key for long-term sustainability of actions.

Project Details

GEF Project ID
Project Type
Full-size Project
Focal Areas
Funding Source
GEF Trust Fund
Implementing Agencies
United Nations Environment Programme
Executing Agencies
UNOPS/Nairobi Convention Secretariat
GEF Period:
GEF - 3
Approval Fiscal Year:


Project Preparation Grant Amount
325,000 USD
GEF Project Grant
4,186,140 USD
Co-financing Total
6,902,325 USD
GEF Agency Fees
476,500 USD
Total Cost 11,413,465.00 USD

Project Timeline

Received by GEF
11 Mar 2002
Preparation Grant Approved
01 Dec 1996
Concept Approved
01 May 2003
Project Approved for Implementation
02 Jun 2004
Project closed
01 Dec 2008