Conservation and Management of the Eastern Arc Mountain Forests

Project Summary

The primary objective of GEF support is to bring about the long-term sustainable implementation and financing of forest biodiversity conservation and community-based conservation and sustainable development activities in Tanzania’s Eastern Arc Mountain forests. GEF support responds to the increasing threats to the forests at a time when both local communities and more distant populations are increasingly dependent on them for their livelihoods as well as their water and energy potential. GEF support, which is integrated into the implementation of the Tanzania National Forest Program, will focus on protection of forests which are areas of exceptionally high biodiversity and species endemism. The approach toward GEF support is based on the outcomes of PDF/A and B processes, which identified needs, strategies, and target areas for GEF funded incremental action to preserve biodiversity. GEF support is fully blended into the proposed World Bank Forest Conservation and Management Project, a $28.75 million initiative to support and strengthen processes of institutional reform, to support community-based forest and woodland protection and management, to improve forest governance, and to more fully involve the private sector in the management of industrial plantations. The FCMP is the primary financial mechanism which has been mobilized for implementation of the National Forest Program.Thes outputs of the project form an integrated package of strategies, initiatives, and actions intended to provide global benefits. The approaches which will be supported, and which will be key to successful implementation are oriented toward bringing about closer collaboration and cooperation between the central government and regional and district administrations as well as local communities; supporting biodiversity research better to understand the extent and value of globally significant assets, as well as their relationship to human populations also dependent upon them; and support for local community action in an effort to address poverty issues and involve communities in conservation efforts.GEF support will complement, benefit from, and contribute to other ongoing and planned donor-financed activities in the Eastern Arc Mountains. Provisions will be made to ensure close collaboration and integration of the different activities underway and planned for the region.

Project Details

GEF Project ID
Project Type
Full-size Project
Focal Areas
Funding Source
GEF Trust Fund
Implementing Agencies
The World Bank
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Natural Resources and Tourism (MNRT)
GEF Period:
GEF - 2
Approval Fiscal Year:


Project Preparation Grant Amount
368,969 USD
GEF Project Grant
12,000,000 USD
Co-financing Total
33,300,000 USD
GEF Agency Fees
1,310,391 USD
Total Cost 45,668,969.00 USD

Project Timeline

Received by GEF
01 Oct 2001
Preparation Grant Approved
30 Oct 1997
Concept Approved
01 Dec 2001
Project Approved for Implementation
17 Apr 2003
Project closed
30 Jun 2010