Conservation and Sustainable Use of the Gulf of Mannar Biosphere Reserve's Coastal Biodiversity

Project Summary

The overall objective of this project is to conserve the Gulf of Mannar’s globally significant assemblage of coastal biodiversity and to demonstrate, in a large biosphere reserve with various multiple uses, how to integrate biodiversity conservation into coastal zone management plans. To this end, the Government of Tamil Nadu will establish the Gulf of Mannar Biosphere Reserve Trust (a Foundation) to ensure effective inter-sectoral coordination and facilitate mainstreaming of biodiversity conservation issues into the productive sector and policy development. An adaptive management approach will employ the results of targeted studies and monitoring to ensure appropriate adaptation of local level resource use. The end result will be adaptive, iterative and participatory management of the Reserve. The statutory Trust/Foundation is seen as an innovative mechanism that will allow for project methodologies and results to be replicated for the rest of the coastal area of Tamil Nadu and demonstrate an institutional model for India as a whole.

Project Details

GEF Project ID
Project Type
Full-size Project
Project Approved
Focal Areas
Funding Source
GEF Trust Fund
Implementing Agencies
United Nations Development Programme
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Environment and Forests
GEF Period:
GEF - 2
Approval Fiscal Year:


Project Preparation Grant Amount
218,000 USD
GEF Project Grant
7,650,000 USD
Co-financing Total
19,085,000 USD
GEF Agency Fees
Total Cost 26,953,000.00 USD

Project Timeline

Received by GEF
Preparation Grant Approved
15 Sep 1995
Concept Approved
07 May 1999
Project Approved for Implementation
09 Jan 2001
Project closed
31 Dec 2012