Conservation of Biodiversity in Pastaza

Project Summary

The wealth of biological resources in Ecuador is in danger due to an annual deforestation rate of 2.3%, the second highest in Latin America, and to the impact deforestation has on the conservation of biodiversity and genetic resources, i.e. erosion, sedimentation and pollution . Progressive deforestation in the Ecuadorian Amazon region is due to economic models based on deforestation practices, including livestock raising and intensive farming (exotic monocrops such as African palm trees, coffee, cocoa, naranjilla (Solanum quitoense), which require the clearing of extensive forest areas. In addition, these productive activities have made indigenous communities dependent upon external technologies, thereby eroding their ancestral knowledge about biological diversity, its uses, techniques and resource management practices.Also, there are other causes contributing to the loss of biological diversity, such as the overexploitation of forest resources (hunting, fishing and harvesting); a faulty land distribution system, which has generated uncontrolled migrations to land rarely used for agriculture, such as the soil of the Amazon region; chaotic human settlements, poverty and underemployment.To address the above problems and preserve outstanding biodiversity mainly contained at selected sites covering 250,000 hectares, the indigenous people of Pastaza and indigenous technical institutions consider that management planning of communal territories is urgent, including the implementation at a pilot level of sustainable management programs for flora and fauna species, and training of community members to be able to carry out the sustainable management of the natural resources contained in their territories.

Project Details

GEF Project ID
Project Type
Medium-size Project
Focal Areas
Funding Source
GEF Trust Fund
Implementing Agencies
The World Bank
Executing Agencies
Insterinstitutional Environment Administration Network of Pastaza
GEF Period:
GEF - 2
Approval Fiscal Year:


Project Preparation Grant Amount
25,000 USD
GEF Project Grant
763,000 USD
Co-financing Total
248,744 USD
GEF Agency Fees
146,000 USD
Total Cost 1,036,744.00 USD

Project Timeline

Received by GEF
17 May 2001
Preparation Grant Approved
23 Dec 1997
Concept Approved
24 Apr 2002
Project Approved for Implementation
23 Apr 2002
Project closed
09 Nov 2005