Demonstrating and Promoting Best Techniques and Practices for Reducing Health-care Waste to Avoid Environmental Releases of Dioxins and Mercury

Project Summary

The health sector is a major source of dioxins and mercury in the global environment primarily as a result of medical waste incineration and the breakage and improper disposal of mercury-containing devices such as thermometers and sphygmomanometers. This Project is designed to assist the participating countries in developing and sustaining best practices in a way that is both locally appropriate and globally replicable. An additional component in Tanzania will develop, test and disseminate affordable and effective alternative health-care waste treatment technologies appropriate to conditions in much of sub-Saharan Africa. The Project aims to demonstrate and promote replication of best environmental practices and techniques for health-care waste management through model facilities and programs, and to reduce barriers to national implementation of these strategies.The main Project activities will include:- Establishment of model facilities and programs exemplifying health-care waste management best practices, and development of replication materials; - Deployment and evaluation of appropriate commercially-available, non-incineration health-care waste treatment technologies; - Development, testing, manufacture and deployment of appropriate and affordable, small-scale non-incineration technologies for sub-Saharan African facilities, and preparation and dissemination of manuals;- Introduction of mercury-free devices in model facilities, evaluation of their acceptability and efficacy, and development and dissemination of awareness-raising and educational materials; - Establishment/enhancement of capacity-building training programs for best practices and appropriate technologies implementation beyond the model facilities and programs; - Review of relevant policies, seeking of agreement by relevant authorities on recommended updates or reformulations, seeking of implementation plan agreement, and assistance in any policy review conference;- Distribution of best techniques and practices results to relevant stakeholders; and - Dissemination of results on demonstrated best techniques and practices for scaling up regionally and globally.

Project Details

GEF Project ID
Project Type
Full-size Project
Focal Areas
Funding Source
GEF Trust Fund
Implementing Agencies
United Nations Development Programme
Executing Agencies
Health or Environment Ministry in each participating country in cooperation with HCWH and WHO
GEF Period:
GEF - 3
Approval Fiscal Year:


Project Preparation Grant Amount
724,948 USD
GEF Project Grant
10,326,455 USD
Co-financing Total
13,544,437 USD
GEF Agency Fees
1,105,140 USD
Total Cost 24,595,840.00 USD

Project Timeline

Received by GEF
11 Jul 2002
Preparation Grant Approved
11 Nov 2002
Concept Approved
12 Jun 2006
Project Approved for Implementation
17 Oct 2007
Project closed
31 Oct 2011