Developing Renewable Ground Water Resources in Arid Lands: a Pilot Case - the Eastern Desert of Egypt

Project Summary

(1)Develop reliable techniques for evaluating the extent of renewable ground water resources in arid lands, with the Eastern Desert of Egypt as a test site. Our preliminary geochemical and isotopic data indicated that flash flood waters stored in shallow aquifers during the past 45 years are the source of the shallow (10﷓100 m) groundwater in Wadi El Tarfa and surrounding areas in the Eastern Desert (Appendix I). (2)Evaluate the source(s) of the groundwater in the alluvial aquifers of the Eastern Desert, the timing of their recharge cycle, and the extent of the renewable groundwater resources recharged by rainwater precipitating over the Red Sea Hills area in the Eastern Desert. (3)Investigate groundwater flow in the alluvial aquifers flooring one of the main valleys of the Eastern Desert.(4)Produce a replicable model in neighboring Middle Eastern and Saharan countries and thus contribute to the preservation of freshwater ecosystems in the area.

Project Details

GEF Project ID
Project Type
Medium-size Project
Project Approved
Focal Areas
Funding Source
GEF Trust Fund
Implementing Agencies
United Nations Development Programme
Executing Agencies
Cairo University (CU)
GEF Period:
GEF - 2
Approval Fiscal Year:


Project Preparation Grant Amount
GEF Project Grant
830,000 USD
Co-financing Total
1,005,000 USD
GEF Agency Fees
146,000 USD
Total Cost 1,835,000.00 USD

Project Timeline

Received by GEF
09 Feb 2001
Project Approved for Implementation
15 Mar 2001
Project closed
31 Dec 2008