Northern Savanna Biodiversity Conservation (NSBC) Project

Project Summary

In Ghana, as elsewhere in Africa, savanna woodlands provide valuable environmental services, are a crucial refuge for native biodiversity, and also protect soil and water resources against degradation. About 70% of Ghana’s total supply of firewood and charcoal, estimated at 16 million m3, comes from savanna zones, which also provide medicinal plants (the primary source of healthcare to residents) roofing grasses, fencing poles, bush meat and fruits. The northern savannas are a source of important farmer crop varieties (cereals, roots/tubers and legumes). The future survival of the majority of indigenous crop varieties is in doubt. Similarly, an increasing number of the medicinal plants are threatened. Preserving these genetic stocks and knowledge of their use will require specific interventions to ensure that these wild/native varieties are not completely lost through inappropriate practices or replaced by introduced varieties. The project’s primary objective is to improve the environment, livelihood and health in the northern savanna zone of Ghana through the conservation and sustainable use of natural resources including medicinal plants. The global environment objective is to identify, monitor and conserve key components of the biodiversity of the northern savanna zone.

Project Details

GEF Project ID
Project Type
Full-size Project
Focal Areas
Funding Source
GEF Trust Fund
Implementing Agencies
The World Bank
Executing Agencies
Ministry of Lands and Forests/Ministry of Health
GEF Period:
GEF - 2
Approval Fiscal Year:


Project Preparation Grant Amount
330,000 USD
GEF Project Grant
7,600,000 USD
Co-financing Total
20,200,000 USD
GEF Agency Fees
788,000 USD
Total Cost 28,130,000.00 USD

Project Timeline

Received by GEF
09 Jan 2002
Preparation Grant Approved
26 Feb 1999
Project Approved for Implementation
15 Feb 2002
Project closed
28 Feb 2009