The goal of the proposed Full-size Project (FSP) is to achieve the long-term conservation and sustainable use of Brazil’s Baia de Ilha Grande Ecosystem (BIG) and its associated terrestrial and marine biodiversity of global importance. Located on the southern coast of Rio de Janeiro State, BIG consists of a semi-enclosed coastal embayment measuring some 1,120 km2 in area and characterized by a rich biodiversity that includes the Atlantic Forest (Mata Atlântica), one of the most diverse and threatened forest ecosystems on earth, dwarf, subtropical moist broadleaf forest and shrubs (restinga), mangroves and coral reefs. Progress toward meeting this goal would be achieved through the: (i) development and implementation of a pilot integrated ecosystem management approach to the Bay; (ii) preparation and implementation of a biodiversity conservation mosaic management and action plan designed to promote greater coordination and coherency among the Bay’s existing conservation units (UCs); (iii) strengthening of selected UCs in BIG; (iv) mitigation of selected threats affecting the “health” of the BIG Ecosystem and its ability to provide critical environmental “goods and services” including the conservation of biodiversity; (v) increased public awareness and support for efforts to conserve the BIG Ecosystem; and (vi) increased institutional capacity in regulatory agencies responsible for environmental policy and management at the State and municipal levels. This goal would be achieved through a multiple-phase approach extending over a period estimated to be some 15 – 25 years of which the present project represents the initial phase. The proposed project directly supports priorities identified under Brazil’s National Biodiversity Strategy (NBS), National Program for Biological Diversity (PRONABIO) and includes conservation units identified as national priorities by Brazil’s National Commission on Biodiversity (CONABIO).

Project Details

GEF Project ID
Implementing Agencies
Food and Agriculture Organization
Approval FY
Project Approved
Latin America and Caribbean
Executing Agencies
Rio de Janeiro State Environmental Management Agency (FEEMA)
GEF Period
GEF - 4
Project Type
Full-size Project
Focal Areas
Funding Source
GEF Trust Fund


Co-financing Total
GEF Project Grant
GEF Agency Fees


Received by GEF
30 Nov 2008
Concept Approved
31 May 2009
Project Approved for Implementation
13 Mar 2011