All life on Earth depends on clean air and water, biodiversity, and healthy forests, land, oceans and a stable climate. These global commons—the ecosystems, biomes and processes that regulate the stability and resilience of the Earth system—are the very foundation of our global economy and modern society. Today, they are facing an all-too familiar tragedy of over-exploitation and rapid degradation.
For 25 years the GEF demonstrated through its portfolio the crucial importance of all types of forest in providing a range of important environmental services, in particular to sustain biodiversity, face the challenges of climate change and land degradation, and at the same time offering livelihood options for many forest dependent people.
This guide offers a practical step-by-step blueprint with illustrative examples on how to design, implement, and measure progress with regards to knowledge exchange initiatives embedded in projects.
In order to better inform GEF support to biodiversity mainstreaming, the GEF has undertaken two reviews of biodiversity mainstreaming to identify best practice and lessons learned. The purpose of this publication is to synthesize these analyses and complement them with a systematic review of the final evaluations of completed mainstreaming projects with the aim of identifying key “project moderators” (factors that are not part of project design and that are largely unaffected by the project, but influence the magnitude and quality of the project outcomes) and “project design features” (these are design elements, which can be changed by project designers or implementers, that make the project more successful) that are most correlated with successful projects.