The challenge of food security in Africa will intensify in the coming decades. Demand for food will increase sharply in Africa as the African population is set to double by 2050, and as the population in parallel become more affluent. At the same time, with a chronic food deficit, one-quarter of its population undernourished, the lowest crop yields in the world and poor soil quality, Africa’s starting point in terms of food security is challenging. Climate change will further exacerbate the risks facing agriculture in Africa, which is dominated by small farms with few assets and limited capacities to adapt.
For 25 years the GEF demonstrated through its portfolio the crucial importance of all types of forest in providing a range of important environmental services, in particular to sustain biodiversity, face the challenges of climate change and land degradation, and at the same time offering livelihood options for many forest dependent people.
Since it was founded, the GEF has been a strong partner and supporter of sustainable development for the Small Island Developing States (SIDS). The GEF has supported the development of the green economy in the SIDS because nowhere is the inextricable connection between people’s wellbeing and prosperity and the environment more clear than on small islands.
All life on Earth depends on clean air and water, biodiversity, and healthy forests, land, oceans and a stable climate. These global commons—the ecosystems, biomes and processes that regulate the stability and resilience of the Earth system—are the very foundation of our global economy and modern society. Today, they are facing an all-too familiar tragedy of over-exploitation and rapid degradation.