Written in the style of an oceanic travel magazine, the reader sets sail on a mesmerizing journey around the world. Visiting myriad countries that promote the conservation of coastal and marine biodiversity and ecosystems while facilitating the establishment of effectively managed marine protected areas, the reader witnesses their multiple global and local development benefits in support of SDG 14 and other SDGs — as well as global biodiversity targets under the Convention on Biological Diversity.
This publication presents 15 stories of outstanding community and indigenous initiatives working in coastal and marine ecosystems to deliver benefits across the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
The world’s oceans and coastal ecosystems provide critical services — food security, livelihoods and coastal protection — for billions of people. Yet these valuable ecosystems lack sustainable governance resulting in continued degradation due to over and destructive fishing, habitat loss and pollution compounded by climate change. Because of their transboundary nature, these multi-country systems represent international public goods making ocean governance particularly complex.
Large quantities of debris can now be found in the most remote places of the ocean, and persist almost indefinitely in the environment. This represents a significant cause for concern, although much of this growing threat to biodiversity and human health is easily preventable with solutions readily available.
The GEF IW:Science Synthesis Report, brings together the findings and efforts of the IW System Type Working Groups (Groundwater, Lakes, Rivers, Land-based Pollution Sources and, Large Marine Ecosystems and the Open Ocean).