Main Issue

The Amazon Biome is the single largest repository of biodiversity on the planet, with over 16,000 known tree species and 2,500 species of fish. It includes 610 protected areas, as well as 2,344 indigenous territories that cover 45 percent of the basin. The area is predominantly covered by dense moist tropical forest, while 14 percent of the Amazon is wetlands. Less extensive areas include savannas, floodplain forests, grasslands, swamps, bamboos and palm forests. About 33 million people live in the Amazon watershed, deriving their livelihoods from rivers and tributaries, including fisheries. Read more+

What We Do

In October 2015, the GEF announced a five-year commitment of US$113 million for the Amazon Sustainable Landscapes Program. We expect our investment will leverage another $682 million in additional financing. The program has four components:

  1. Policies for Protected and Productive Landscapes will incorporate biodiversity management principles into selected sectors that are drivers of deforestation (i.e. agriculture, extractive industries and infrastructure) through sectoral agreements and/or instruments
  2. Capacity Building and Regional Cooperation will complement national projects. It will maximize the efficiency of the broader program and provide opportunities for South-South learning; foster inter-governmental cooperation; use monitoring and evaluation tools and geospatial services; apply best practices and peer review; and develop portfolio-wide training and communication strategies.
  3. Integrated Amazon Protected Areas will increase conservation and protection of biodiversity through creation and expansion of protected areas, improved management and sustainable financing.
  4. Integrated Landscape Management will contribute to climate change resilience and enhance sustainable land use by improving forest and land management, and reducing carbon emissions from deforestation.


The program aims to maintain 73 million ha of forest land, promote sustainable land management in 52,700 hectares and support actions that will help reduce CO2 emissions by 300 million tons by 2030.

$113 million

To protect the Amazon

$682 million

Additional financing expected from partners

72 million ha

Anticipated amount of forest land maintained in the Amazon