Main Issue

Technology transfer plays a critical role in the effective global response to the climate change challenge. Since technology is a source of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, achieving global reduction of GHGs requires innovation to make current technologies cleaner and climate-resilient. 

While there are many definitions of technology transfer, the GEF has adopted the concept of technology transfer as defined by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) in Methodological and Technological Issues in Technology Transfer, IPCC 2000, and embodied in the UNFCCC technology transfer framework. Read more+

What We Do

Since its inception in 1991, the GEF has been facilitating technology transfer to help developing countries address the global climate change challenge. The GEF has a mandate from the UNFCCC to finance the transfer of Environmentally Sound Technologies, and has evolved into the largest public-sector funding source in this area. These technologies, compared to others, have the potential for significantly improved environmental performance. They include know-how, goods and services, and equipment, as well as organizational and managerial procedures.

The GEF-6 Climate Change Mitigation Strategy supports innovation and technology transfer at key early and middle stages, focusing on the demonstration and early deployment of innovative options. The GEF support aims at addressing elevated risks associated with innovation, mitigating the barriers of technology transfer, and piloting promising approaches.


During the first year of GEF-6 (July 2014 – June 2015), 14 projects with technology transfer objectives were approved with $221.4 million of GEF funding and $2.5 billion of cofinancing. They include the Sustainable Cities IAP and projects addressing the transition from fossil fuel to renewable energy in SIDS

Under the GEF-6 Program, the GEF will support projects in the following categories:

  1. Technologies with transformational potential;
  2. Acceleration of low emission technology innovation and uptake through demonstration, deployment, and transfer using policies and mechanisms;
  3. Collaborative initiatives with stakeholders, including the private sector, to adapt technologies to user needs.

Climate Technology Centers & Network+

Poznan Strategic Program on Technology Transfer >>

$250 million

Annually for low-carbon technologies, renewables, and sustainable urban transport

$3 billion

For climate change activities since 1991

$15 billion+

Leveraged in cofinancing