The Amazon Biome is the single largest repository of biodiversity on the planet, with over 16,000 known tree species and 2,500 species of fish. It includes 610 protected areas, as well as 2,344 indigenous territories that cover 45 percent of the basin. The area is predominantly covered by dense moist tropical forest, while 14 percent of the Amazon is wetlands. Less extensive areas include savannas, floodplain forests, grasslands, swamps, bamboos and palm forests. About 33 million people live in the Amazon watershed, deriving their livelihoods from rivers and tributaries, including fisheries. Read more+
The Amazon plays a critical role in global climate regulation, as well as in the region's environmental and economic prosperity. About 83 percent of the Amazon basin lies within the territories of Brazil, Colombia and Peru. Each country has taken important steps to protect its biodiversity.
- Brazil has reduced deforestation in the Amazon by 82 percent over the last 10 years.
- Colombia has launched its “Visión Amazonía”, which expands the Chiribiquete National Park and consolidates its buffer zone as part of a larger deforestation reduction program.
- Peru has a national strategy for forest and climate change that tackles the reduction of deforestation and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.
The major threats to the Amazon biome include transportation infrastructure (roads), extractive industries (mining, oil and gas), water infrastructure (dams, extraction, usage, waterways), and agricultural expansion driven primarily by commodity production, all of which, in direct and indirect ways, contribute to deforestation.
The Amazon Sustainable Landscapes Program will protect globally significant biodiversity and mitigate climate change by fostering sustainable land use and forest management, managing protected areas more effectively and creating new protected areas and restoring forest cover.
What We Do
In October 2015, the GEF announced a five-year commitment of US$113 million for the Amazon Sustainable Landscapes Program. We expect our investment will leverage another $682 million in additional financing. The program has four components:
- Policies for Protected and Productive Landscapes will incorporate biodiversity management principles into selected sectors that are drivers of deforestation (i.e. agriculture, extractive industries and infrastructure) through sectoral agreements and/or instruments
- Capacity Building and Regional Cooperation will complement national projects. It will maximize the efficiency of the broader program and provide opportunities for South-South learning; foster inter-governmental cooperation; use monitoring and evaluation tools and geospatial services; apply best practices and peer review; and develop portfolio-wide training and communication strategies.
- Integrated Amazon Protected Areas will increase conservation and protection of biodiversity through creation and expansion of protected areas, improved management and sustainable financing.
- Integrated Landscape Management will contribute to climate change resilience and enhance sustainable land use by improving forest and land management, and reducing carbon emissions from deforestation.
The program aims to maintain 73 million ha of forest land, promote sustainable land management in 52,700 hectares and support actions that will help reduce CO2 emissions by 300 million tons by 2030.
To protect the Amazon
Additional financing expected from partners
72 million ha
Anticipated amount of forest land maintained in the Amazon